Common Causes of Periodontal Disease
Poor dental hygiene- Bacterial plaque and calculus (tartar) if not removed from the teeth with daily oral hygiene and regular professional cleanings can get under the gum line on the root surfaces. Bacterial toxins ultimately destroy the supporting bone around the tooth.
Tobacco use- Smoking and tobacco use is one of the most significant factors in the development and progression of periodontal disease. The tar and nicotine residue from smoking intensifies plaque and calculus build-up.
Genetic predisposition- As much as 30% of the population may have a strong genetic disposition to periodontal disease. Good oral hygiene and professional preventative care can help overcome this predisposition.
Pregnancy and menopause- Hormonal changes experienced by the body can cause the gum tissue to become more sensitive rendering them more susceptible to periodontal disease.
Chronic stress and poor diet- Stress lowers the ability of the immune system to fight off disease as does a poor diet or malnutrition. Also, when a person is under stress they just might not carry out good oral hygiene.
Diabetes and underlying medical conditions- Many medical conditions can intensify or accelerate the onset and progression of periodontal disease including respiratory disease, heart disease, and anemia. Diabetes hinders the body's ability to utilize insulin which makes the bacterial infection in the gums more difficult to control and cure.
Grinding teeth- clenching or grinding of the teeth can significantly intensify bacterial periodontal disease. Grinding of one's teeth is usually associated with a "bad bite" or the misalignment of the teeth.
Medication- Many drugs including oral contraceptive pills, heart medicines, anti-depressants and steroids affect the overall condition of the teeth and gums.